Face swelling after injury
After a facial injury it is important to reduce face swelling. This can be done in a variety of ways with several tools and techniques to prevent complication and improve recovery. A facial injury can be very devastating to a person and it is therefore essential to take care of the problem quickly with effective interventions. This article will discuss some of the treatments that can be used to minimize swelling of the face.
Face swelling treatment is directed at the site of the injury. Frequently that face will swell after it is hit with an object that is moving at high speed, such as a ball. Other times the face can be injured when the body is moving at high speed and an accident occurs, such as a motorcycle or car crash. In either case, it is important to have a proper assessment of the damage to the face. Underneath the facial tissue is a complex bony structure that is the foundation of the face. These bones can be broken or fractures in many places and should be treated with the appropriate care. While swelling will occur after treatment and may worsen because of it, it is important to correct any underlying problems to the bones before focusing on the swelling.
The most common face swelling treatment is the application of cooling materials to the affected area. For many, this involves the use of ice packs or other frozen items. Other cold materials such as a bag of frozen peas are corn are also very effective and these things will conform to the site of injury. For items that are very cold, they should be loosely wrapped in a thin sheet and then applied to the face. It is important to wrap the material first because you do not want to experience excessive cooling of the skin. This can cause frostbite and injury the skin, the last thing you want to do because that will make the overall condition much worse.
By applying the cold packs on and off, the swelling of the face is effectively treated. The cold should be applied for 15 to 20 minutes in order to cool the affected area. Then the material should be removed in order to allow proper blood flow and return to a semi-normal temperature. This alternation between cooling and normal temperature prevents further injury while effectively preventing swelling.
Cooling of the face slows down blood flow to the area and therefore prevents leakage of fluid into the skin and surrounding tissues, which is the cause of swelling. It also prevents the formation of pain inducing chemicals by slowing down their production. By using a cold material for the first day after an injury, it is possible to reduce face swelling extensively and have a good outcome after an injury.